ISSN:2147-5210

The Social and Economic View of Faraşli Village in The Light of 1260-61 / 1844-45 Temettüat Records


Temettüat records are one of the important sources of XIX. Century social and economic history of Ottoman Empire. Temettüat records have been prepared in order to mitigate the tax burden on the people and to prevent injustice in the tax distribution by re-determining the tax sources. In addition, these records provide important information for the socio-economic and demographic structure. In the period referred to in the records, all characteristics of socio-economic life, population and agricultural economy are revealed by registering the properties, animals, lands and persons’ personal wealth of regions. In these records, it is also possible to get information about taxpayers' names, nicknames, occupations. In this study, benefiting basically 673 numbered temettüat record of Faraşlı village which is within in the boundaries of Keskin district in year of H.1260-1261/M.1844-1845, it is tried to reveal social and economic structure. It is understood that people provide their livelihood largely from agriculture and animal husbandry in the village which consist of 40 families. In terms of agriculture, wheat and barley production is being done in the village. In the field of animal husbandry, mostly small cattles, bovine animals, draught animals and mount animals are grown. As field of profession, the surplus of agricultural staff is remarkable. Besides, it is understood from records that there are different field of professions like imams, servants and shepherds in the village. It is also tried to reveal the burden of tax of taxpayers by determining agriculture, husbandry and occupation revenue and kind of tax which is paid by them.


Keywords


Faraşlı village, Temettüat record, Occupational structuring.

Author : Rafet METİN - Rafet Metin
Number of pages: null
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.19039/sotod.2019.111
Full text:
NEAR EAST HISTORICAL REVIEW
E-Mail Subscription

By subscribing to E-Newsletter, you can get the latest news to your e-mail.