Smuggling and Missed Commodities in the 19th Century Trabzon Province
XIX. YÜZYILDA TRABZON VİLAYETİ’NDE KAÇAKÇILIK VE KAÇIRILAN EMTİALAR

Author : kubilay hamzaoğlu
Number of pages : 205-225

Summary

There were many ports and trade routes within the borders of the Ottoman Empire. So the Ottoman Empire was in a strategic position. Due to this geographical feature and active commercial operation of the Ottoman Empire, smuggling is a problem that occupies the state. This situation not only affected the local trade of the state, but also affected the commercial relations with foreign states. Smuggling has not only affected trade but also played a decisive role in the state's political policies against multinational companies. The example of this situation in the Ottoman Empire in the 19th century is the Reji Company, which manifested itself in tobacco smuggling. In salt smuggling, the example of this situation is the Duyun-ı Umumiye Administration (The Ottoman Public Debt Administration). There are many reasons for the smuggling phenomenon in the Ottoman Empire. However, in this study; We tried to determine the types and types of various commodity smuggling carried out in Trabzon Province in the 19th century and by which methods and techniques these hijacked commodities were made.

Keywords

Smuggling, bandit, gun, tobacco, salt, mine

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