The Qajar Dynasty rule in Iran in the late 19th century did not solve the ongoing historical problems between the Ottoman and Iranian empires. Iran attempted to establish a political front with the Kurdish leaders, especially for political dominance in the Baghdad region, which was under the Ottoman rule, and establish its authority in bordering regions. After the first quarter of the 19th century, the increasing problems experienced by merchants, tribes, and Iranian pilgrims and visitors that appended to the Baghdad problem led to significant disagreements between the Ottoman and Iranian states. During these problems, both states attempted to solve the problems via interim envoys since the beginning of the disagreements. The remedies or the obstacles introduced by the interim envoys, including those who were not diplomats, directly affected the relations of these states. In the first half of the 19th century, the diplomatic relations were conducted through interim envoys before the states permanent embassies in the capitals of each other, and the this present study focuses on the efforts of these envoys to solve the political crises between the Ottoman Empire and Iran referring to the Iranian/Turkish chronicles, Ottoman archives and secondary literature.