The first census in the modern meaning in the history of the Ottoman Empire was in the reign of Mahmud II in 1831 following the abolishment of the Janissary army, in order to retain the fiscal situation of the state and to provide the need of warrior for the new army, established instead of the Janissaries. The Muslim and the non-Muslim men of the empire were officially registered by the census of 1844, 1852, 1885 and 1907. In this study, the official registers in the Turkish Presidency State Archives, Department of Ottoman Archives, No. 3013 according to the census of 1845 in Aydın under the administration of Karaosmanoğlu Yakup Paşa are evaluated. Unlike the other boks, in this register those can be found as follows: The civil cervants who were on duty with Yakup Paşa, and the official administrative, financial and militarial servants of the Aydın governorate like Defterdar (Revenue Officier), Judge, Zabtiye (policemen) as süvari and piyadegana. Moreover, the people who were staying in the madrasha and the caravanserai in Aydın were also taken into registration. As another characteristics of the book, the single men in the villages like Hacı Ali Obası, Kürtler, Umurlu and Serçe were taken into registration. The data that would be collected from this registration book will be useful to reach new primary information about the socio-economic, cultural and military lives in Aydın at that period.
Güzelhisar of Aydın, Karaosmanoğlu Yakup Paşa, Defterdar, Madrasha, Caravanserai.